Gandhinagar, 2 September 2020
In 2015 in Gujarat, the Department of Agriculture announced the Organic Farming Policy and started experimenting on how to implement it in the region, now it has started giving scientific support to natural farming. Navsari Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya has given long research and experiments the first such basis.
Navsari Agricultural University has done some research in organic farming. In which some things have been discovered along with organic farming of sugarcane. For the first time, sugarcane farmers have been recommended to sugarcane farm on scientific basis on the basis of experiments. Organic farming has announced 3 varieties of sugarcane for higher production and better returns. Planting of CON 05072 variety for sugar, CON 05071 variety for jaggery and CON 62175 variety for jaggery.
Thus it has been recommended after many years of experimentation for organic farming. The hilly soil of the tribal eastern belt of South Gujarat is ideal for organic farming. Navsari Agricultural University has conducted experiments till 2019 and has been recommended by the Department of Soil Science and Agrochemicals.
What is organic
Organic farming is a naturally occurring farming without chemicals.
GMOs, chemical fertilizers, pesticides, germs or substances unfamiliar with nature are not used. Organic farming should maintain the health of soil, flora, fauna, humans and earth. Gujarat has announced an organic farming policy from 2015.
Read More: The saline soil started to harvest sweet dates in Gujarat
Nine states of India have declared organic farming policy including Gujarat, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Mizoram, Madhya Pradesh and Nagaland.
In which district can it be synthesized?
In Gujarat, 47 lakh farmers own 10 million hectares of agricultural land. 2.11 ha on average per farmer. Chemical fertilizers and pesticides are not used in organic farming. The low use areas of chemical fertilizers in Gujarat are hilly. Which has 57 percent of the total agricultural land of the state. The districts of Sabarkantha, Aravalli, Dahod, Panchmahal, Chotaudepur, Narmada, Surat, Tapi, Dang and Valsad in the eastern part of the state are the most suitable areas for organic farming.
Recommendations of Navsari Agricultural University
At a distance of 120 cm from the cane, it is recommended to plant two eye pieces by immersing them in 0.5% solution of acetobacter, PAB, KMB as well as biofertilizers such as Trichoderma and Pseudomonas for 20 minutes each. Provide 3.4 tonnes of NADAP manure and 2.4 tonnes vermicompost per hectare on the basis. Apply 3.3 tonnes of Nadep compost and 2.4 tonnes of vermicompost per hectare 45 days after planting. Apply at the rate of 3.3 tonnes of Nadep manure and 2.3 tonnes of vermicompost per hectare 90 days after planting.
Spray 0.5% Acetobacter solution 30-45 days after planting. Apply 900 liters of sterile irrigation water in 3 liter installments per hectare at 45, 90, 120 days after planting.
Trichoderma and Pseudomonas at the rate of 5 kg / liter per hectare at the time of application.
If farmers do so, the net profit on production can go from Rs 2.55 lakh to Rs 2.88 lakh per hectare. The cost per hectare of 3 varieties of sugarcane is Rs 1.53 lakh. For sugar, the CON05072 variety yields 141 kg per hectare. The yield of jaggery is 130.6 kg in con 05071 variety for jaggery and 134.8 kg in CO 62175 variety for jaggery.